Periodontal disease, gingivitis and periodontitis, the latter popularly known as pyorrhea, are actually a large group of diseases with different modes of presentation and severity have in common that they all affect the periodontal tissues that support and protect teeth up to cause your loss.
Periodontal diseases are caused by bacteria normally found in the oral cavity, where they find an environment conducive to their growth and development. This ecosystem must be kept in balance; otherwise the bacteria can be deposited on the gum and alter their health.
Dental diseases are usually not hereditary nor contagious, but certain features of the body, mouth and responsiveness of tissues if they inherited facilitating the development of these diseases.
Periodontal disease develops thus contaminating bacteria by being produced around the teeth. This plaque, with its direct toxic or tissue response action can be enhanced by different factors allying bacteria try to defeat the immune defense system.
In this war the prevailing health will depend on our immune system and helps us to pay you, or plaque and the factors that boost.
An unbalanced diet promotes immune deficient states so they can enhance periodontal disease. The usual diet of developed countries should be cause for situations that promote periodontal diseases. However in certain social strata or very depressed in individuals with anorexia nervosa, malnutrition states are presented with protein and vitamin deficiency that can determine a limited responsiveness of the immune system causing great periodontal destruction even before a small number of bacteria.
It is one of the habits that influence the decrease in natural defenses against periodontal diseases. For one combustion causes changes in the buckle tissues that favor the accumulation of bacteria and other nicotine acts directly on the glasses reducing vascularization of tissues and cells responsible for defense mechanisms, significantly reducing its ability to response to bacterial challenge. These facts make the habitual smoker have a much higher risk of periodontal disease, and when they appear, they become serious.
Detection and Diagnosis
Early diagnosis of periodontal diseases is the key to enable prevention, simple maintenance and treatment of oral health. We should not forget that this disease progresses without realizing it, until he gets surprised, unfortunately in advanced studies. It is essential that patients are informed about the different problems that can make your mouth with the passage of time and how to detect them.
Information is synonymous with early detection, get help to the team of professionals who guards his mouth.
Rarely periodontal diseases begin to manifest with pain, which deceives the patient and do not give importance to many signs that tell you that your gums and supporting your teeth, periodontal sick. Look in the mirror after the hygiene and observe your mouth, like looking at his hands to clean them; looking for warning signs, bleeding, gingival redness and diatom.
The presences of halitosis (bad mouth odor) or dental hypersensitivity are also warning signs.
Bleeding: It is the most reliable data infectious or inflammatory activity and therefore destructive. Sometimes the patient is not bleeding gums, as with smoking, which prevents the vascular deficit, but where the process continues with its destructive path.
The presence of bleeding is always synonymous with periodontal disease activity.
Redness gums should be light pink. Changes in color to redness or darkening, usually indicates inflammation and therefore disease.
Abscesses: The gum boils are usually small and may heal in two days alone, making us believe that it did not matter. Each mini abscess generates loss of supporting bone. Abscesses are usually associated with advanced periodontal disease.
Oozing: Pus output pressing gum is in connection with periodontal disease.
Enlargements and recessions:The margin of the gum in a state of health must be at the level of the tooth neck. Given the ongoing situations of disease, the gums may show increased or decreased in size compared to the tooth neck. This situation is never normal and can leave serious sequel.
Diatom: The separations between sudden or slow but progressive teeth may indicate periodontal disease.
Halitosis: It’s a bad mouth odor that sometimes is perceived by the individual. Usually it stems from dental or periodontal problems ferments food debris and bacteria buildup.
Dentin hypersensitivity:When before a banal stimulus as fresh water, chocolate, a metal contact, etc. The tooth hurts or suffers an electric shock may be rooted ill.
The need for everyone to know about them is endorsed with the phrase “one who knows the disease and think you may be able to detect it.” If you notice any of these signs, see your dentist.